Universitas Kristen Indonesia
Cianly Sriwisesa Simamora
Universitas Kristen Indonesia
Various studies have shown that the small group discussion (SGD) technique is very effective to facilitate reflection, develop students’ engagement and confidence, and increase comprehension. This action research was conducted to improve students’ reading comprehension by implementing the small group discussion (SGD) technique and to investigate their perception of reading and the use of SGD. The participants were 25 tenth grade students of SMK 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta. The action research was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle was carried out in five 100-minutes sessions. To collect data, two sets of test, observation sheets, and two questionnaires were employed. The results showed that SGD improved students reading comprehension. The mean score of the students in the pretest, posttest 1 and posttest 2 was 59.52; 68.32; and 89.44 respectively. Moreover, the students’ attitudes towards reading comprehension also changed from a negative one to a positive one. They also enjoyed learning to read using the SGD technique.
Keywords: small group discussion, action research, reading comprehension
Ahmad, S. C. (2013). The Effectiveness of Small Group Discussion Technique in Teaching Reading. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
Bhatia, V. K., & Bremner, S. (2012). English for Business Communication. Language Teaching, 45(4), 410-445.
Brewer, E. W. (1997). 13 Proven ways to get your message across: The essential reference for teachers, trainers, presenters, and speakers. Newbury Park, CA: Corwin Press.
Brown, H. D. (2004). Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. New York: Pearson Education, Inc.
Burns, C.P., Roe, D.B. & Ross, P.E. (1984). Teaching Reading in today’s elementary schools. (3rd .Ed.) Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Deporter, B., & Hernacki, M. (1992). Quantum learning: membiasakan belajar nyaman dan menyenangkan. Translated by Alwiyah Abdurrahman. Bandung: Kaifa PT Mizan Pustaka.
Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Iftanti, E. (2012). A Survey of the English Reading Habits of EFL Students in Indonesia. TEFLIN Journal, 23(2), pp. 149-164)
Grabe, W. & Stoller, F. L. (2002). Teaching and researching reading. London: Pearson Education, Inc.
Harmer, J. (2001). The practice of English language teaching. Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Kenz, M. A. and Greg, J. B. 2000. Effective in theory and practice. Massachusetts: A Person Education Company.
Klingner, et al. (2007). Teaching reading comprehension to students with learning difficulties. New York: The Guildford Press.
Lee, Y. & Ertmer, P.A. (2006). Examining the Effect of Small Group Discussions and Question Prompts on Vicarious Learning Outcomes. ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education), 39(1), pp. 66-80.
Leipzig, H.D. (2001). What Is Reading?.www.readingrockets.orgarticle/352
Lubis, S. H. (2013). Improving the students’ reading comprehension achievement in descriptive text by using index card match strategy. Transform Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, 3(3), pp. 1-10.
McCroire, P. (2006). Teaching and Leading Small Groups. Association for the Study of Medical Education. Edinburgh.
Murcia, C.M. & Olshtain, E. (2000). Discourse and context in language teaching: A guide for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nation, I.S.P. (2001). Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Pardede, P. (2010). A review on reading theories and its implication to the teaching of reading. Retrieved September 2013 from https://parlindunganpardede.com/articles/language-teaching/
Pardede, P. (2007). Developing critical reading in the EFL classroom. Retrieved September 2013 from http://parlindunganpardede.wordpress.com/articles/language-teaching/developing-critical-reading-in-the-efl-classroom/
Pardo, L. S. (2004). What every teacher needs to know about comprehension. Retrieved July 2014, from http://learner.org/workshops/teachreading35/pdf/teachersknow_ comprehension.pdf
Schmitt, N. (2010). An introduction to applied linguistics. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.
Siswanti, F.H., Ngadiso & Setyaningsih, E. (2012). The Use of Small-Group Discussion to Improve Students’ Reading Comprehension. English Education: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, 2(2), pp. 216-232
Ur, P. (1981). Discussion that works. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wei, H., Cromwell, A. M., & McClarty, K. L. (2016). Career readiness: An analysis of text complexity for occupational reading materials. The Journal of Education Research, 109(3), 266-274.Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00220671.2014.945149
Wu. 2008. Effective Activities for Teaching English Idioms to EFL Learners. Retrieved January 2015 from http://iteslj.org/Techniques /Wu-TeachingIdioms.html
Yuliasari, D. P. E. (2014). Improving reading comprehension using small group discussion technique. Denpasar: FKIP Universitas Mahasaraswati.
Note: This article was presented UKI English Education Department Collegiate Forum held on Friday, August 14, 2015