The Effect of Graphic Organizers on EFL Learners’ Reading Comprehension

Horas Hutabarat

anggiat.mananda@yahoo.co.id

 Damayanty Hotmauli

 dhotmauli@gmail.com

Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Indonesia

Abstract

This study employed the experimental design. It aimed at investigating whether or not graphic organizers (GOs) use affects students’ reading comprehension. The participants were 60 eleventh grade students of SMA Negeri 102 Jakarta. These students were divided into two groups: the experimental and the control group. Each group consisted of 30 students. Both groups were taught reading comprehension in eight sessions using the same learning materials. However, the control group was taught in the way they were used to be taught, and the experimental group was taught using GOs technique. The same pretest and posttest were administered to both groups to collect the data. The obtained data were analyzed by using SPSS 21. The results showed that the post-test mean score of the experimental class is 84.66, and the post-test mean score of the control class is 56.33. The hypothesis test showed there is a significant effect of GOs use. The value of Sig. of equality variances (0. 043) was lower than Sig. α (0.05). Therefore, it was concluded that there is a significant effect of using GOs in advancing the eleventh-grade EFL students’ reading comprehension in SMA Negeri 102 Jakarta. This study pointed out that GOs can be an effective technique to improve EFL students’ reading comprehension.

Key Words: graphic organizers, reading comprehension, EFL

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Note: This article was presented in UKI English Education Department Collegiate Forum held on Friday, December 4, 2015

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