Improving Eight Graders’ Reading Comprehension Using Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) at SMP Strada Santo Fransiskus

Improving Eight Graders’ Reading Comprehension Using Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) at SMP Strada Santo Fransiskus

Lamhot Naibaho

Rahelia Eta Sangga

Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Indonesia


This study employed an action research design which was carried out in two cycles. Conducted from March to May 2015. It aimed at improving students’ reading comprehension skill through Students Team Achievement Division (STAD) technique. The participants were 37 eight-graders of SMP Strada Santo Fransiskus Xaverius III, North Jakarta. During the implementation, quantitative data were collected using tests, and qualitative data were collected using diary notes, questionnaire, and observation sheets. The obtained data were analyzed using the descriptive analysis technique. The results revealed that the implementation of STAD technique improved students reading comprehension. It was proved by the increase of the mean scores from the pre-test to post-test 1 and post-test 2, which were respectively 53.51, 64.84, and 77.57. Moreover, the qualitative data obtained through the diary notes, questionnaires, and observation sheet revealed that the participants showed great interest in learning reading through STAD. Based on the finding of the research, teachers are recommended to apply STAD technique as an alternative to improve students’ reading comprehension.

Key Words: action research, STAD, reading comprehension


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Note: This article was presented UKI English Education Department Collegiate Forum held on Friday, February 6, 2016


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