Students’ Perception of the Impacts of ICT use in Learning

Author: Iin Eviyonisa Br Ginting (1812150012)

Abstract

This study aimed to provide an overview of students’ perceptions of the impact of using ICT in Learning. It was made to identify the impact of using ICT in learning based on the views of high school students. The use of technology is a staple in today’s learning. Moreover, now is the time of the pandemic. ICT is very impactful and plays an important role. This study used survey methods and data collection in the google form of instruments with a sample of 10 students of SMA 37 Jakarta. They are the students of Natural Sciences Major. In this research, we’ll know about the impact of ICT in the learning process.

Keywords: impact, learning, student’s perceptions

Introduction

The impact of ICT on learning is currently in relation to use of digital media, primarily computers and internet to facilitate teaching and learning. These technologies include products and services such as desktop computers, laptops, handheld devices, wired or wireless intranet, business productivity software such as text editor and spreadsheet, enterprise software, data storage and security, network security and others. In education, students always use computers, laptops, devices and wired or wireless intranet. These technologies are the main products used in learning progress. Especially in this pandemic, we will use these products.

The technology helps students with their learning by improving the communication between them and the instructors (Valasidou and Bousiou, 2005). Leuven et al. (2004) stated that there is no evidence for a relationship between increased educational use of ICT and students’ performance. In fact, they find a consistently negative and marginally significant relationship between ICT use and some student achievement measures. In support of this, some students may use ICT to increase their leisure time and have less time to study. Online gaming and increased communication channels do not necessarily mean increased achievement.  ICT can also facilitate other aspects of  learning,  such  as  resources,  contents,  and  media  enrichment,  learning  process monitoring  enhancement,  students’  achievement,  and  satisfaction  development,  and teacher-students and students-students communication advancement.

ICT brought waves of industry transformations, which is also visible in the education industry. With the changing environment and the industry demand, student’s perspective towards learning is also changing at a fast pace. Of course, humans created ICT to make a learning process system better and sophisticated.  ICT in education is being used to enhance creativity, interaction and knowledge sharing apart from student learning. Besides that, it is increasingly used by educational institutions as an aid to teach students.

ICT has an important role to play in changing and modernizing educational systems and ways of learning. And it has a positive impact on learning but the expectations that ICT could in some ways revolutionize processes at school have not (yet) been realized, especially in inland villages. In this paper, we’ll see isn’t  it supports the learning process or not. And we will  see from this paper whether ICT even complicates the learning process or not.

Literature Review

            ICT is increasingly used by educational institutions as an aid to teach students. Information technology has enabled and mediated resources for teaching and learning.  It has opened new career opportunities for students who are driven to explore and learn – at their own pace and time. There is an increasing affinity of students for new technologies and products as there is a huge potential for technology to be integrated into the education industry. Students are embracing ‘self-learning’ through eLearning teaching models which act as a significant communication bridge between students and teachers. Studies reveal that the creative use of Information and Communications Technology in education has the capacity to increase the quality of people’s lives by enhancing teaching and learning. So, students can explore knowledge as widely as possible.

Based on the extended usage of ICTs in education the need appeared to unravel the myth that surrounds the use of information and communication technology (ICT) as an aid to teaching and learning, and the impact it has on students’ study habits and academic performance. It offers tremendous opportunities to push learning beyond the boundaries of the classroom. It can also significantly affect a child’s cognitive, social and emotional development.

There was evidence of significant benefits for learners to use ICT:

  1.  Students develop better listening skills due to regular exposure to audio materials.

For example, audio and video recordings –authentic and software-, podcasts, pronunciation software.

  1.  Selection of updated articles from the Internet contributes to learners’ awareness of the language
    For example grammar skills, coherence in committing ideas, syntax,  and of the specific scientific editing/presentation like scientific texts, reports and others.
  2.  Teachers reported on their learners being engaged, motivated and attentive;
  3. ICT impacted positively on students’ proficiency.

With ICT, they will get a lot of information. This makes it easier for them to learn independently.

  1. Students increased their ability to take notes effectively
     For example, they were more likely to listen to the teacher and grasp the message, select the appropriate information and take notes that will be further exploited
  2.  The enhancement of linguistic competence combined with motivation and challenge led to more autonomy and initiative

For example, to do research on the Web, to propose links, to use online dictionaries and encyclopaedias and others.

Method

The data were collected at the last term of the even semester of Academic Year 2020/2021 (Juni 2021). The questionnaire was created using the Google platform, and the link was sent to the students via their WhatsApp account. Then I ask them to fill out the questionnaire easily. In this questionnaire, the author used 7 selected questions related to the topic, 2 questions related to their identity (name and major).

The respondents were students of Natural Sciences Major (grade 11) at SMA Negeri 27 Jakarta. They are expected to have no difficulties and feel relaxed about answering the questionnaire correctly. There were actually 10 students in grade eleventh when the data were taken.

Results

Students are asked to provide their perceptions of the impact of ICT on learning. And these are their responses based on the questionnaire on Google Form that the author has made. It should be noted that number 1 indicates the participant’s answer strongly agrees with the statements and questions given. Number 2 showed us that the participant’s answer agrees with the statements and questions given. Number 3 indicates the participant’s answer disagrees with the statements and questions given. And last, number 4 showed us that the participant’s answer strongly disagrees with the statements and questions given.

  1. ICT support the learning process

The diagram show us that 70% strongly agree about this
Forms response chart. Question title: 1. In your opinion, does ICT support the learning process?. Number of responses: 10 responses.

Fig. 1

statement. 10% agree, 10% disagree, and 10% strongly disagree. We can conclude that 80% agree with this question, and another disagree with it.

  1. ICT helping students in getting their new knowledge

Fig. 2

The diagram shows us 10% of 10 students disagree with this statement. The other students gave a response 90% agreed that ICT helps students in getting their new knowledge (50% strongly agree, 40% agree).

  1. ICT helps students in learning new skills

In learning new skills, 50% of students strongly agree and 40% of 10 students agree with this question. 

Fig. 3

Based on the diagram below, it shows us a student who disagrees with this question. So we can conclude that 9 students are learning new skills helped by ICT.

  1. Students’ learning is more varied with ICT.

Based on the diagram below, it showed us that 5 students strongly agree about this statement. 30% of 10 students answered agree that ICT makes learning more varied.

Fig. 4

But 10% disagreed. And a student who gave a response strongly disagreed that ICT makes learning more varied. We can conclude that the majority agree with the statement that ICT makes learning situations vary.

  1. ICT makes learning easier for students

Fig. 5

According to the diagram in figure 5, a student answered strongly disagree with this statement. This student felt difficult. But the other students learning with ICT makes their learning easier.

  1. According to the students’ perception, ICT has a positive effect on learning.

Fig. 6

Based on the diagram, 50% gave a response agreeing with the statement. ICT has a positive impact with their learning. Three students strongly agree with the impact with students’ learning with ICT.

  1. ICT makes students more involved. 

Fig. 7

Figure 7 displays that the majority of ICT makes students more involved. 90% of them agreed and strongly agreed with  the  whole  statement   ICT makes them involved in  learning.  One of the students answered strongly in disagreement.

Conclusion

Information and communication technology (ICT) is increasingly used by educational institutions as an aid to teach students. The impact of ICT on learning is currently in relation to use of digital media, primarily computers and internet to facilitate teaching and learning. In education IT is being used to enhance creativity, interaction and knowledge sharing apart from student learning. Besides that, it is increasingly used by educational institutions as an aid to teach students. Based on the extended usage of ICTs in education the need appeared to unravel the myth that surrounds the use of ICT as an aid to teaching and learning, and the impact it has on students’ study habits and academic performance.

            Based  on  the  findings  and  discussion  above, the majority of the sample (students of Natural Sciences Major (grade 11) at SMA 27 Jakarta, Indonesia, ICT have a good impact in learning. First,  ICT supports the learning process. Second, ICT helps in getting new knowledge. This indicates that a majority of them are greatly helped by ICT in exploring new skills. Third,  ICT helps them in getting new knowledge. This indicates that ICT helps them to get a lot of knowledge. Fourth, a majority of students helped by ICT make the learning situation more varied.  Fifth, learning is easier for students because they can find a lot of knowledge and makes them independent to find it. So, they can explore the knowledge. Sixth, according to the participants’ perception, ICT use has a positive effect on learning. And seventh, ICT use makes students more involved.

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Parlindungan Pardede who has directed me in the drafting of this manuscript.

References

Eng, T. S. (2005). The impact of ICT on learning: A review of research. International Education Journal, 6(5), 635-650.

Mbah, T. B. (2010). The Impact of ICT on students study habits. Case study: University of Buea, Cameroon. International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research, 1(5), 107-110.

Panangalage, R., & Pasqual, A. (2008, June). Impact of ICT on learning and teaching. In 2008 IEEE international symposium on technology and society (pp. 1-10). IEEE.

Pardede, P. (2020). Secondary School Students’ Perception of ICT Use in EFL Classroom. JET (Journal of English Teaching), 6(3), 246-259.

Phutela, N., & Dwivedi, S. (2019, April). Impact of ICT in education: students’ perspective. In Proceedings of International Conference on Digital Pedagogies (ICDP).

Punie, Y., Zinnbauer, D., & Cabrera, M. (2006). A review of the impact of ICT on learning. JRC European Commision.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.